What kind of conclusions did ancient authors draw about the character, customs and even the “nature” of other peoples based on geographic, topographic or climatic characteristics? To differentiate between the “self” and “others”, they constructed stereotypes based on the allegedly objective and verifiable materiality of space. This project analysed these stereotypes themselves and looked at the scientific and cultural/historical background against which these stereotypes were formed and developed as well as whether they became part of or influenced legal codes.